At Lenox Hill Surgeons, our dedicated team of nyc surgeons and medical professionals provide compassionate care with the highest ethical & professional standards. In our state of the art facility, we offer surgical services using only the most cutting edge and current procedures and treatments.We specialize in general surgery, including extensive experience in performing hernia repair surgery. Our expertise is in minimally invasive surgery and robotic surgery. Minimally invasive and robotic surgery often allow patients to experience easier recovery than traditional open surgery. They also allow for more precise and less traumatic surgery. When robotic and minimally invasive surgery is not an option, we are also skilled and experienced in traditional open surgical procedures.
All of our doctors are experienced and skilled surgeons having undergone extensive training in school, residency and fellowships. They all practice medicine with ethical behavior, compassion and superb bedside manner. In the operating room they all exhibit precise mechanical abilities, analytical thinking and the ability to visualize tissue in three dimensions. These innate and learned skills allow our surgeons to be some of the most dexterous and skilled professionals in all of New York City and the Country.
Hernia repair surgery entails the application of instrumental and manual procedures for correcting herniation of tissues or viscera including groin, abdomen, brain, and diaphragm. Internal organs, composed of tissues, could get herniated or bulged, forcing them to protrude via the wall encasing them. Hernias involving the groin (an inguinal hernia) and the umbilical cord (an umbilical hernia) are two of the most prevalent forms of a hernia.
Since a hernia does not heal on its own but rather expands over time, it is crucial that you opt for surgical treatment to avoid unnecessary/preventable complications in the long run. Hernia surgery, usually performed on an outpatient basis, is a moderately simple operation that can help remedy the organ’s bulging and restore it to its original position.
Two of the most popular types of hernia repair surgery is ‘herniorrhaphy’ and ‘hernioplasty’. Herniorrhaphy-the traditional hernia repair technique-is still conducted extensively where the surgeon makes a wide and long notch over the herniated organ. Thereafter, the physician removes the protrusion and reinstates the dislodged organ or tissues to its actual site.
Finally, the doctor sutures the hole in the muscle via which the protuberance developed, sterilizes the incision, and sews it up. Hernioplasty is very much similar to herniorrhaphy procedurally excepting that in the final step, the surgeon overlays a sterile mesh (produced from animal tissues or polypropylene) on the muscular notch rather than suturing it. The nature or type of your herniation will determine the mode of repair surgery you’ll need to opt for.
Strangulated, reducible, and irreducible hernias are the three most widespread kinds of hernias. Both of the aforementioned surgical operation procedures can be carried out using a laparoscope or via open surgery.
Both hernioplasty and herniorrhaphy are straightforward and uncomplicated surgical repair processes that take about 30-40 minutes to complete. You won’t feel any pain as the surgery will be done using either local or general anesthesia. Majority of patients are discharged from the hospital or medical center on the very day the laparoscopic surgery is performed. The usual benefits of the laparoscopic repair operation include:-
The side effects of this type of surgery, most of which are rare, involve:-
You must abide by the surgeon’s instructions once you return home (which are usually on the same day the surgery is carried out) for a speedy recovery. Take all the prescribed medications on time, including the anti-inflammatory drugs for minimizing the possibilities of incision swelling. Contact your surgeon instantly if you’ve recurrent spells of fever, coughs, chills, nausea, abdominal swelling, bleeding as well as experience difficulty in urinating. Make sure you get sufficient rest for at least two weeks following the operation so that you can get back to work at the earliest.
Most hernia surgeries are effective, enabling patients to recover fully within 4-6 weeks. A typical person who has undergone hernia repair surgery can resume normal activities 2 weeks after the procedure.
Opting for a surgical procedure for remedying a hernia is highly recommended not only for avoiding complications which could take a fatal turn (though very rare) but also for going back to leading a normal life. You can make an appointment with our general surgeon for a detailed, one-to-one consultation.
Here are some brief descriptions about the different types of general surgery we perform:
This is a relatively new specialty dealing with minimal access techniques using cameras and small instruments inserted through 0.3 to 1 cm incisions. Robotic surgery is now evolving from this concept (see below). Gallbladders, appendices, and colons can all be removed with this technique. Hernias are now repaired mostly laparoscopically. Most bariatric surgery is performed laparoscopically. General surgeons that are trained today are expected to be proficient in laparoscopic procedures.
General surgeons treat a wide variety of major and minor colon and rectal diseases including inflammatory bowel diseases (such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease), diverticulitis, colon and rectal cancer, gastrointestinal bleeding and hemorrhoids.
General surgeons are trained to remove all or part of the thyroid and parathyroid glands in the neck and the adrenal glands just above each kidney in the abdomen. In many communities, they are the only surgeon trained to do this. In communities that have a number of subspecialists, other subspecialty surgeons may assume responsibility for these procedures.
Surgical oncologist refers to a general surgical oncologist (a specialty of a general surgeon), but thoracic surgical oncologists, gynecologist and so forth can all be considered surgeons who specialize in treating cancer patients. The importance of training surgeons who sub-specialize in cancer surgery lies in evidence, supported by a number of clinical trials, that outcomes in surgical cancer care are positively associated to surgeon volume—i.e., the more cancer cases a surgeon treats, the more proficient he or she becomes, and his or her patients experience improved survival rates as a result. This is another controversial point, but it is generally accepted—even as common sense—that a surgeon who performs a given operation more often, will achieve superior results when compared with a surgeon who rarely performs the same procedure. This is particularly true of complex cancer resections such as pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer, and gastrectomy with extended (D2) lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer. Surgical oncology is generally a 2 year fellowship following completion of a general surgery residency (5-7 years).
Gallstones are not stones. Instead, they are pebble-like solid pieces of digestive fluid that form in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped pouch, found just beneath the liver, on the right side of the abdomen. The small organ stores digestive fluid called bile that flows from the liver to your small intestine.
The salt in the bile helps digest fat easily. It also contains waste products, such as cholesterol and bilirubin. When either of the waste products begins to cluster together as a solid lump, the result is the formation of gallstones. The size of the gallstones may be as large as a golf ball, or as small as a pearl.
Two main types of gallstones that can form in the gallbladder include:
These are the most common types accounting for 80% of gallstones in the US citizens. The cholesterol gallstones are yellowish-green in color. They mainly comprise un-dissolved cholesterol, but may also contain other components.
Pigment gallstones are smaller and dark brown or black. When there is excessive amount of bilirubin in the bile, it forms pigment gallstones.
Gallstones often cause no signs or symptoms. The patient might not be aware of a gallstone’s existence unless a doctor diagnoses it. Nearly 20% of American adults may have gallstones, yet only around three percent of them develop any symptoms.
The symptoms start to appear when a gallstone lodges into a duct, causing a blockage. Hence, you feel excruciating pain in the upper right part of the abdomen. The pain may last from a few minutes to a few hours, or may come back in episodes, referred to as an “attack.”
You might experience pain in:
Or other signs like:
Many reasons may cause you to have gallstones, including your weight, genes, diet, and gallbladder issues.
Certain factors make people susceptible to gallbladder issues, especially gallstones. The people who are at risk include:
Silent gallstones usually don’t require any treatment. For the diagnosis, the doctor may draw a blood sample, recommend an ultrasound, endoscopy, or CT scan. However, if the symptoms appear, the patient may have to get the gallbladder removed through surgery.
Cholecystectomy is a common procedure for gallbladder removal. The surgeon makes incisions in the abdomen and passes the surgical instruments, a light, and a camera for images, through the cuts. The doctor monitors the video and removes the gallbladder safely. After the surgery, the bile flows from your liver to the intestine directly. The patient may go home the same day following the surgery.
In open cholecystectomy, the doctor has to make bigger cuts to remove the gallbladder. Hence, the patient may have to stay in the hospital for a few days.
If surgery is not the best option for you because of your medical condition, then oral medications may help dissolve the gallstones. The doctor may prescribe Ursodiol (Actigall, Urso 250, Urso Forte), Chenodiol (Chenodol), or both. However, the process may take months or years. Thus, the gallstones may form again if the patient does not take the medication regularly.
Removing a gallbladder has no harmful effects on your digestion ability, and you can survive without a gallbladder. Our dedicated team of surgeons at Lenox Hill Surgeons uses the cutting edge technology and current procedures for a safe removal of the gallbladder. Contact us today if you have any of the symptoms stated above.
Appendicitis is one of the most common factors responsible for abdominal pain, which can lead to surgery. More than 5 percent of people in the US experience appendicitis at some point. However, the pain most often occurs in people aged between 10 and 30.
Appendicitis is the inflammation of a 3.5-inch long appendix tube that protrudes from the large intestine. The condition calls for an immediate treatment, most probably surgery to remove the appendix.
Leaving an inflamed appendix untreated will cause the tube to burst. Thus, the inflamed appendix may start spilling infectious bacteria into the abdominal cavity. And, it may prove fatal sometimes.
Usually, the first sign of appendicitis is a sudden pain that begins in the upper abdomen and radiates to the lower right portion of the abdomen. The pain may become excruciating when you cough or walk.
The inflamed appendix may cause you to lose appetite, or you may feel nausea or vomiting as soon as the pain begins. Abdominal bloating and low-grade fever, usually 99 – 102 Fahrenheit, may also serve as signs of the inflammation of appendix.
The other symptoms of appendicitis include severe cramps, dull or sharp pain in the back, rectum, or the lower or upper abdomen.
While the root cause of appendicitis remains unknown in most of the cases, doctors believe that inflammation occurs when the appendix is blocked. The obstruction in the lining may occur due to hardened stool, intestinal worms, enlarged lymphoid follicles or cancer.
The blockage in the appendix results in an infection, which may multiply the bacteria. Thus, it leads to the swelling and formation of pus in the appendix, thereby causing inflammation. You may also feel severe pain in the abdominal region, and if not treated timely, the appendix may rupture.
The symptoms of appendicitis are often confused with that of the gallbladder diseases, bladder or urine infection, intestinal infection, gastritis, and ovary problems. This makes the diagnosis of appendicitis tricky. Your doctor may conduct these tests for diagnosing the inflammation in the appendix.
The standard treatment for all appendicitis is appendectomy, i.e., the removal of appendicitis. The doctor may either perform open surgery or a laparoscopic surgery depending on the severity of the problem.
During the open surgery, the doctor makes an incision, which is usually 2 to 4 inches long. Doctors perform this type of surgery when the appendix has ruptured, and an excess abscess or puss has formed around it. Thus, the doctor drains the fluid and cleans the abdominal cavity.
Once the infection is under control, the doctor may perform minimally invasive or laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon will use some incisions to insert surgical instruments and a video camera into the abdominal region to remove the appendix.
Do not neglect the pain that you experience in your abdomen. It may be a sign of an inflamed appendix. If you do not go for a treatment promptly, it may cause your appendix to rupture. Contact Lenox Hill Surgeons in NYC today and book an appointment with the experts of minimally invasive surgery.
Pancreaticoduodenectomy – what a mouthful! This long word is the technical name for one of the most common pancreas surgery procedures. Also known as the Whipple procedure, this surgery involves removing a diseased section of the pancreas. But what even is the pancreas? Why do we need it? And what should you expect if you need this surgery?
Many people would likely have difficulty pointing up the location of the pancreas, let alone naming what it does. The pancreas can be found in the abdomen, just behind the stomach. It is a small organ, not more than a few inches long, but one of the most essential organs for daily life. The pancreas is responsible for the creation of specific chemicals that the body uses for digestion. These chemicals, also known as enzymes, are used to break down the food that we eat. without these enzymes, we would be unable to process the fat, proteins, and carbs within our food into energy.
At the same time, the pancreas also responsible for creating the two hormones that monitor and regulate blood sugar- insulin and glucagon. In cases where the pancreas is unable to produce the hormones and enzymes it should, serious and life-threatening side effects can develop.
When functioning properly, the pancreas is an essential organ for regulating energy levels and providing the body with the nutrients it requires. However, in some cases, the pancreas can pose a potential threat to the rest of the body. For example, in the case of pancreatitis, those enzymes used to digest food begin the process of digestion on the pancreas itself.
Other times, the pancreas can develop cancer. This can be a serious risk, as cancer can spread to other parts of the body. This makes the pancreas a risk to the other organs within the body.
During the procedure for pancreas surgery, you will be anaesthetized and the surgeons will do what they do best. Depending on your specific needs, they may remove certain sections of the pancreas and even surrounding tissue. Usually, the general needs can be identified long before the surgery starts. Some decisions need to be made while the surgery is happening. That is why you want to have the best surgeons you can find working with you!
Once the surgery has been completed, a short stay is to be expected. This gives us an excellent opportunity to closely monitor your recovery, vital signs, and medication use to ensure you are healing properly. Your stay will likely not be more than a few days, but full recovery from pancreas surgery can take up to a few months. While you recover, there are a few side effects and changes you can expect. The first and most common is operation site pain or discomfort. Digestive problems have also been noted. As the pancreas plays such a large part in digestion, it is only to be expected that the body will have to adjust to a new way of doing things. The most noteworthy aspect of this is the fact that you will not be able to eat for a few days after the surgery.
Any time there is a procedure near the abdomen, there is a potential for essential skills such as walking and sitting up to be impaired. It will be important to, in accordance with your specific instructions from your surgeon, stay active to the extent possible.
Are you in need of pancreas surgery? Call the best surgeons in NYC for a consultation today.
LENOX HILL SURGEONS
You may think that hernia repair surgery is a relatively recent concept. And why not? Many people may view hernias as minor, insignificant problems. However, hernias can develop into serious, potentially life-threatening issues if left on checked. For centuries, people have been aware of just how dangerous a hernia can really be. Since ancient times, surgeons have been doing the best they can to correct this comment issue. Today, we have advanced techniques that allow safe and effective treatment with minimal recovery time. That has not always been the case, as we will consider.
Ancient records of hernia surgery can date all the way back to ancient Egypt. Of course, there was minimal understanding of many of the concepts required to effectively perform any kind of surgery. Don’t even still, ancient Egyptians were able to understand the very basic information about hernias. For example, Even back then they understood that hernias could present a significant risk. They also understood many of the symptoms and potential causes for them. Just think! Long before computers, x-rays, and precision tools designed with the specific intent of performing surgery people wear attempting to correct such a serious issue. How effective were they? As you might expect, they were nowhere near as effective then as we are today. Due to the lack of evaluative and diagnostic understanding, many surgeries were performed in a sort of “trial and error” method. This included removing large sections of intestinal tissue, massive bloodletting to reduce the size of the hernia, and removing surrounding tissues. Some of these showed minimal results at best, leading many to dismiss the thought of treating hernias.
As time went on, more and more discoveries about anatomy and microbiology were developed that benefited the progress of hernia treatment. For example, the development of anesthetics allowed for a significant reduction in pain and therefore a more tolerable surgical experience. A growing understanding of antiseptic and hygiene techniques allowed for a much higher rate of recovery and greatly lower the risk of infection after surgery. In addition, further anatomical discoveries were constantly being made. This led to a better understanding of what exactly makes up a hernia, allowing for more effective and focused treatments. By the early 19th century, hernia surgeries were still being attempted with little to no success. This was all soon to change.
Has further medical understanding was refined, more effective treatment for a number of conditions with found. One primary development was with the implementation of prosthetic instruments. Originally, metal mesh sheets were implanted into the herniated region in order to prevent further herniation or relapse. This technique continues to be used today. Regular improvement on the materials, design, and placement of these mesh sheets continues to be made to this day. Also essential to hernia repair has been the greater use of the appropriate surgical procedures. For example, better laparoscopic techniques for entering the affected region and more effective sutures have made for better recovery times and less risk of complication. It is to be expected that constant improvement and development will be made to the surgical procedures. Advanced techniques, such as using robotic arms or lasers for increased precession, are just around the corner. We can be sure, regardless of what comes next, that the already effective and safe surgery involved in hernia repair will only get better!
Are you in need of the most up-to-date an advanced hernia surgery available today? Talk to the best surgeons in NYC to get your surgery scheduled.
Lenox Hill Surgeons, LLP
155 East 76th Street
New York, NY 10021
There are many different types of hernias; inguinal, femoral, umbilical, incisional, and more. Regardless of the exact diagnosis, every hernia has a few things in common. First and foremost, every hernia causes pain and discomfort. Whatever the location of the hernia, every hernia repair surgery has many similarities. If you are planning a hernia repair surgery, you likely have a few questions. What exactly is involved in hernia repair surgery? What will the recovery be like? How long until I can get back to doing the things I want to do without pain or discomfort?
The first step in hernia repair surgery is discussing your exact problems with your surgeon. Although many hernias are very similar, no two people are exactly alike. Instead, talk with your surgeon about the exact location of pain, what you have found that relieve pain, how long you have been dealing with your hernia, and other information about your specific case. Your doctor will likely have questions about your personal medical history, what medications you are currently taking, if you have a family history of hernias or other similar conditions, and more.
There are two distinct surgical procedures used for hernia repair surgery. One technique is known as herniorrhaphy. In herniorrhaphy, the abdominal cavity is opened up and the lump of tissue, called the hernia sac, is removed or placed into the correct position. Any adjustments to internal organs that are needed are then made, including blocking any further protrusions. The muscular wall that is meant to hold the soft tissue in place is then repaired. In other cases, additional support to the muscular wall is required. In these situations, a layer of mesh is placed over the weak point in the muscular wall. This procedure is known as a hernioplasty.
In some rare cases, there are hernias on both sides of the body. This will call for a longer, more intensive surgery with a potentially longer stay. The two hernias may also require different procedures in order to deal with them in a minimally invasive but effective way. Once all internal adjustments have been made, the incision site is then stitched shut.
Hernia surgery is typically an outpatient procedure, meaning that an overnight stay is not expected. However, extenuating circumstance may arise that require an extended stay. Instead, you may only need to spend a few hours in the recovery room. Here, the staff will monitor your vital signs and ensure that no obvious complications have arisen. A standard recovery from a hernia surgery for healthy patients is usually around three weeks. Within those three weeks or so, strenuous movements must be limited. This includes bending, lifting, and rigorous activity. Even once these basic restrictions have been lifted, avoid movements that cause pain to the incision site or the former location of the hernia. It will be important to discuss recovery time with your surgeon. Even though hernia repair surgery is a common procedure, every surgery and patient is different.
Your surgeon may have share different expectations for your recovery. Keep a close eye on the incision site and the former location of the hernia. Monitor for signs of swelling, infection, or reoccurrence. These are rare, but potentially serious outcomes. Talk with your doctor if any of these occur.
Are you preparing for hernia repair surgery? Schedule a consultation with the best surgeons in NYC to and plan for your surgery.
Although it is just a small organ, the gallbladder is used in the effective processing of food and nutrients. However, there are a few specific circumstances in which some or all of the gallbladder must be removed. Gallbladder surgery is one of the most common surgeries in the world. But what does the gallbladder actually do? Why would you need gallbladder surgery? And what can you expect from gallbladder surgery recovery?
The gallbladder is only a few inches in diameter with the ability to expand and contract depending on its contents. The primary purpose of the gallbladder is producing bile. This bile is used for digestion and the eventual absorption of essential vitamins and nutrients. The gallbladder inflates as it fills with bile and empties as food passes through the small intestine, where the bile is secreted and fats are processed.
It is interesting to note that the gallbladder is not an essential organ for daily life. In many cases where the gallbladder must be removed, diet and activity are not greatly affected once the initial recovery has been completed.
There are a number of conditions which could require gallbladder surgery. One of the most common is the existence of gallstones. Gallstones, as the name suggests, are small stone-like objects within the gallbladder. Gallstones on their own are not problematic but may become so if they get lodged in a place where they should not be, such as in the bile ducts. When this happens, sharp, stinging pain can be felt in the upper right section of the abdomen.
Another condition which can require gallbladder surgery is cholecystitis, or inflammation of the gallbladder. Swelling and inflammation of the gallbladder can cause pain and impair digestion, as bile is not secreted properly. Instead, bile could build up and leak, causing intestinal discomfort. In cases like this, the gallbladder can be removed to reduce pain and decrease the risk of further complications.
Prior to your gallbladder surgery, your surgeon will most likely want to discuss your individual case. Even though gallbladder surgery is one of the most common surgical procedures performed, every individual is different. Your doctor will most likely want to know about current medications, any pertinent medical history, and whether or not you have a family history of gallbladder problems or surgical complications.
Your surgeon will give you specific instructions, but it is typical for a prescription to be provided that will empty the intestines to make for easier access to the gallbladder. Usually, it is important to avoid drinking or eating anything before your surgery. In a gallbladder removal surgery, or cholecystectomy, a small incision is created with the intention of removing the gallbladder itself. A small camera is inserted and used to guide the process.
Due to the relative simplicity and familiarity with gallbladder surgery, it is expected to be an outpatient procedure. That means that most people go home on the same day of having their surgery performed. However, in some cases, the doctor may wish to have a longer stay to monitor recovery. The average recovery time for gallbladder surgery is just a few weeks. However, even after the initial recovery is complete, it is important to minimize strenuous activities that could put a strain on the incision site. Heavy lifting, bending, or vigorous exercise should be limited. Talk to your surgeon for specific instructions following your surgery.
Do you think you need to have gallbladder surgery? Schedule an appointment with the best surgeons in NYC for a consultation today.
The exact purpose of the appendix is relatively unknown even to modern science. Some experts believe it to be a sort of “home” for healthy bacteria that can be used to fight off dangerous invading cells. Other believe that the appendix does nothing, that it is simply a mass that no longer has a physical function in our daily lives. Regardless of what the appendix is truly intended for, at times it can be inflamed and may require surgical removal.
As mentioned above, we are still a little unclear on many aspects of the functions of the appendix. In other organs, it can be clear that the organ needs to be removed when it fails to function properly. This observation cannot be made effectively for the appendix. However, there are a few specific cases in which it is clear that the removal of the appendix would be beneficial. One common case is appendicitis, or inflammation of the appendix. Although we don’t know exactly what causes appendicitis, this inflammation is clear evidence of a potential issue in the body. It is usually a company by discomfort or pain and the lower right quadrant of the abdominal cavity. Other signs of appendicitis include stomach pain, vomiting, and nausea.
Yet another reason that the appendix may need to be removed is in cases of tumor growth. Should a tumor grow on the appendix and be cancerous, it could potentially metastasize, or spread, to other parts of the body. Studies have shown little to no danger or long-term deficits associated with removal of the appendix. Therefore, it is typically preferred to remove the appendix when there is a risk of cancer. This can serve to protect the rest of the body.
Prior to appendix surgery, you will have a long discussion with your doctor about your specific case. For example, we will want to know what symptoms you have been having, if you have a family history of any number of ailments, the current medications you are taking, and more. your personal preference with regard to surgical procedures and desired outcomes must also be discussed.
Many specific diagnostic tests can be completed to ensure that the appendix is the culprit. For example, CT scans and ultrasound measures can be used to determine swelling and inflammation of the appendix, a sure sign of infection. On the day of the surgery, it will be important to avoid eating or drinking prior to the surgery. It is generally recommended that eating and drinking be done more than 8 hours prior to the surgery, but your surgeon will have more specific instructions for you. During the surgery itself, we will do what we do best and remove the inflamed or damaged tissue.
After the surgery, you will most likely first notice relief from the pain where your appendix used to be. However, it is still common for some incision and surgical site pain shortly after surgery. This discomfort will subside. While healing from appendix surgery, it will be important to get plenty of rest while still staying active. Although your surgeon will have specific instructions, there are a few that are typically followed. Avoid heavy lifting for at least a few weeks following your surgery. Any kind of strenuous activity that puts pressure or strain on the incision site is to be avoided.
Depending on the precise surgical procedure you undergo, your recovery may take anywhere from 2 weeks to a few months. Due to the fact that the exact function of the appendix is relatively unknown, diet and lifestyle changes typically are not needed.
Do you need to have your appendix removed? Schedule an appointment with the best surgeons in NYC to discuss your needs today.
The esophagus is an essential aspect of digestion. Without it, you couldn’t naturally deliver food from your mouth to your stomach. However, there are some times where surgery needs to be performed on the esophagus. How does the esophagus work? What can go wrong and how can surgery help? What is recovery like for esophagus surgery?
The process of digestion begins as soon as food enters the mouth. The very first step in digestion is chewing, breaking down large chunks of food into smaller, more manageable pieces. Saliva is also brought into the mix to help chemically reduce the food as well. In order for the food to continue to be processed by the stomach, intestines, and other associated organs, it needs to travel down the esophagus. When we first think of it, we might imagine that the esophagus is simply a tube, similar to a straw. We may think that food simply falls down our throat and into our stomach, that the esophagus is a very simple structure. That could not be further from the truth! In fact, there are many muscles that are involved in delivering food from the mouth to the stomach. This can be seen by the fact that we can swallow sitting down, laying down, or even upside down.
Once food enters the esophagus, the smooth muscle tissue within the esophagus contract in a wave formation, gradually pushing food down our throat. Additionally, there are two valve-like structures, called sphincters, that block entrance two or exit from the esophagus. Without these sphincters, food in our mouth would instantly drop down to the stomach. Alternatively, digestive enzymes and juices could come up from the stomach, known as acid reflux.
Clearly, the esophagus is more than just a hollow tube for swallowing. Because of the complex nature of the esophagus, there are a number of things that can potentially go wrong. As mentioned above, the sphincters within the esophagus are essential for proper digestion and processing of food. In severe cases of acid reflux, surgery must be performed to tighten the sphincter that separates the esophagus from the stomach. Alternatively, these sphincters can become overly tight or lacks the mobility to properly deliver food to the stomach. In these cases, surgery is required to open up the affected area and facilitate swallowing. Another common situation necessitates surgery of esophagus is cancer.
As with any cancer, esophageal cancer poses of risk for metastasis, or spreading of cancer throughout the different systems of the body. If cancer has been found in the esophagus and is localized, your surgeon may recommend that some or all of the affected tissue is removed.
Of course, the exact length of recovery for esophageal surgery will vary depending on the amount of surgery required. Depending on the specific protocols followed, some esophageal surgeries will only require a few days of recovery before returning home. Other, more involved surgeries may require an extended stay with close observation. Some changes may need to be made in your lifestyle, such as changes in diet and temporary limiting of strenuous activity.
As a general principle, any activity that causes pain in the affected area should be avoided for the first few weeks. Your surgeon will have more specific instructions for you as far as what to expect with your precise procedure, what to do to prepare, and what lifestyle changes may need to be made.
Are you in need of esophageal surgery? Get in touch with the best surgeons in NYC to schedule an appointment today.
A hernia is a painful condition, so you no doubt want a quick answer to that question, “What are the Symptoms of a Hernia?” Unfortunately, this answer will greatly depend on your own assessment of yourself. In order to correctly identify a hernia, there are a few specific signs you should be looking for. If you are in intense pain and are seriously concerned, talk to your doctor. This article is solely intended to assist people dealing with minimal pain and are simply curious. It is not meant to be used in place of an accurate, medical evaluation.
In the abdominal cavity, the internal organs and structures are held in place by the abdominal muscles. Through typical use, the abdominal muscles, or abs, have a natural tension that can hold the contents of the abdominal cavity well. However, whether due to lack of use or overexertion, the integrity of the abdominal wall gives way and a small subsection of the intestines, or some other mass of tissue, protrudes out. This protrusion can potentially cause serious problems. For example, a hernia can lead to an intestinal blockage. This blockage is a serious issue and would require emergency medical attention.
The most important factor in the safety and recovery from a hernia is early identification. If closely monitored by a qualified medical professional from early on, the risk of hernia complication is greatly reduced.
One of the most commonly noticed signs of a hernia is bulging. Due to the very nature of how a hernia works, the affected area will bulge, creating a lump that is the hernia itself. Identifying this lump is one of the most important diagnostic tools available. The exact location of the herniated lump will vary depending on the diagnosis. In general, the hernia will be in the region after which it is named. An umbilical hernia, for instance, is located in the umbilical region at the belly button.
A femoral hernia can be found in the inner thigh area. An inguinal hernia is a hernia in the groin. Surgical hernias can also develop at the site of a relatively recent surgical incision.
Another diagnostic sign of a hernia is swelling. Although easily confused with the bulging mentioned above, swelling is a separate and distinct symptom altogether. Swelling involves more than just visible confirmation. Swelling of the affected area will also bring redness, warmth, and discomfort when touched.
The pain associated with a hernia is different than the pain caused by other means. When dealing with a hernia, the level of pain will vary depending on position and motion. For example, most people complain of greater pain when bending, lifting, or even coughing. The pain that hernias produce can vary from person a person, but typically is a dull ache in the region affected.
The difficulty with dealing with hernia pain is it the pain is not constant. Many times, people feel the intense pain that comes from exerting pressure on a hernia and schedule an appointment with a doctor. However, by the time they go to the doctor, it has been long enough that they forget the exact nature of the pain they’re dealing with this can make it difficult to relay necessary information to your doctor.
After reading this, do you think you have a hernia? Schedule an appointment with the best surgeons in NYC to develop a custom plan for dealing with your hernia.
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Abdominal hernias account for hundreds of thousands of surgical procedures every year. Even within the category of abdominal hernias, there are many different hernias that can occur. In addition, everyone will present a little bit differently with regard to how their hernia affects them. You may wonder, though, what exactly is a hernia? How can a hernia affect your life? What are the treatment options available to you?
In the body, the internal structures, including organs and other tissues, are held in place by muscles that are kept tight and strong. A hernia is found when a section of soft tissue, commonly the intestines, pushes through a weakened section of the abdominal muscle wall that typically holds it in place. This can happen for a number of reasons, all of which are related to increased pressure within the abdominal cavity. For example, bending over and lifting a heavy object compresses the space in the chest and puts added pressure on the abdominal cavity. The small section of tissue that is expelled is the hernia.
Even though many people may have the same type of hernia, or a hernia in the same region, they will not all have the same symptoms. For some people, they may not even know about their hernia until a doctor finds it on a routine physical exam. For others, the hernia may become painful in the moment it is formed.
Some hernias are not, on their own, harmful. Most often, though, a hernia is painful, especially during strenuous activity, such as lifting or heavy coughing. This hernia can also cause additional problems, such as intestinal blockages or infection. Usually, though, a hernia is found either on accident or during a particularly rigorous task. In fact, many people have hernias for years before even being aware of their presence.
The first and most important principle in treating an abdominal hernia is not making it worse. This includes limiting bending and heavy lifting, utilizing proper body mechanics principles, and trying to limit strain on the abdominal wall. If the hernia is known to have been caused or exacerbated by a persistent cough, trying to remedy the cough will be a high priority as well.
It will also be important to monitor the hernia closely. If the hernia changes size, becomes warm, or becomes more painful, it will be important to alert your doctor. This can be a sign of infection, which can lead to many complications.
No matter what the cause of the hernia was, though, hernias cannot repair themselves. If you decide that the hernia needs to be repaired through surgery, call the best surgeons in NYC. There are a number of different procedures that can be followed to help treat a hernia. For example, hernioplasty can be performed. During a hernioplasty, the herniated protrusion is pushed back into place behind the muscle wall and a small piece of mesh is placed over the hole. This allows for greater stability and decreased risk of further herniation. In other cases, the muscular wall can simply be stitched up, with no additional hardware required.
Do you have an abdominal or other type of hernia? Not sure what to expect? Call the best general surgeons in NYC so we can figure out how we can best handle your case.
Lenox Hill Surgeons
155 East 76th Street
New York, NY 10021