Colon cancer is one of the common types of cancer that starts from the large intestine. Colon cancer occurs in the last part of your digestive tract, and it tends to affect adults, but it can also take place at any age.
Most doctors advise some screening tests for people with no symptoms or signs to look for colon cancer or noncancerous colon polyps. At the early stage of colon cancer, your chances of being cured are quite high. Screening can help detect colon cancer at an early stage.
Generally, doctors will recommend people of around age 50 to begin screening because, at this age, they tend to be at risk of developing colon cancer. But people with a family history of colon cancer are at higher risk of having colon cancer, and they should consider getting screened earlier.
There are quite a lot of screening options, and every one of them has its own set of drawbacks and benefits. Before choosing any type of screening, it would be best if you discuss them with your doctor. Doctors are experts that give you advice concerning the most suitable and appropriate options.
Doctors use screening for a colonoscopy; thus, they can remove polyps at the time of screening before it turns into advanced stage cancer.
Colon cancer specialists are not sure about its causes. Usually, colon cancer starts when healthy cells in the colon expand and undergo changes in their DNA. Your DNA holds several sets for instructions.
Healthy cells raise and split in an orderly technique according to your DNA instructions, which maintains normal function of your body. Your cells will become cancerous when the cell’s DNA is damaged, and they continue to divide or multiply.
A tumor will occur in your body as soon as the cells build up. As time passes, the cancer cells can develop to attack and wipe out normal healthy tissue. Cancerous cells can reach other parts of your body and begin multiplying there too (metastasis).
There is more than one treatment to cure colon cancer, but the ones that help you depend on your current situation. Also, the type of treatment you select involves the exact spot of your cancer, every type of health concern, and, most importantly, its stage. Usually, the treatment for colon cancer includes surgery to eliminate it. Doctors might recommend some other treatments too, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
For small colon cancer, your doctor might recommend you a simple invasive approach through surgery. Following are those simple invasive surgeries;
As for small and localized cancer, which contain a polyp while being at an early stage, your doctor can eliminate it entirely while performing a colonoscopy.
The doctor can remove larger polyps during colonoscopy with the help of some special tools and a small quantity of the colon’s inner lining. In scientific terms, you can cell this whole procedure, an endoscopic mucosal resection.
There is a type of polyp that doctors can’t remove during a colonoscopy, but they can eliminate it with laparoscopic surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon will operate quite a lot of small incisions on the wall of your abdomen. The surgeon inserts these instruments and attaches a camera with them, which will display your colon on a video. They might also take samples from lymph nodes where the cancer is situated.
Below are the common signs and symptoms of colon cancer. Even early-stage patients of colon cancer have these symptoms:
Moreover, many colon cancer patients do not experience any of the above symptoms, especially in the early stages. Symptoms that do appear are likely to vary slightly, although it depends on the size and location of your large intestine’s cancer.
Several medications can reduce the risk of colon cancer or precancerous polyps. However, you must not take these medications before consulting with your doctor. You can also contact Lenox Hill surgeons by visiting their website. You can search for your disease or condition and its pertinent treatment through their website. There is plenty of important information about colon cancer and surgical treatment.