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At Lenox Hill Surgeons, our dedicated team of nyc surgeons and medical professionals provide compassionate care with the highest ethical & professional standards. In our state of the art facility, we offer surgical services using only the most cutting edge and current procedures and treatments.We specialize in general surgery, including extensive experience in performing hernia repair surgery. Our expertise is in minimally invasive surgery and robotic surgery. Minimally invasive and robotic surgery often allow patients to experience easier recovery than traditional open surgery. They also allow for more precise and less traumatic surgery. When robotic and minimally invasive surgery is not an option, we are also skilled and experienced in traditional open surgical procedures.
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What are the common problems and surgery of the esophagus? Esophagus refers to the tube that takes food that you put in your mouth and sends it down the digestive tract for absorption. Through peristalsis, the esophagus ensures that the food bolus travels smoothly down to your stomach, where it becomes ready for digestion. However, you can face many problems with the esophagus.
One of the most common issues of the esophagus includes acid reflux. In acid reflux, gastric acid enters the esophagus, causing severe heartburn and disturbance. This condition is usually a side effect of other infections and medications.
One can simply treat this condition by avoiding certain medications and food that cause esophagitis. However, some severe cases of this condition can also cause complex and intense issues. Esophagus issues are also associated with swallowing issues and prolonged sore throat.
Immune-compromised people take very long to recover from esophagus problems. However, healthy people may only take a couple of days to recover from the case of acid reflux. Over the counter medicine works just as well as any other treatment concerning acid reflux. Another useful option takes shape in the form of dietary changes.
Problems with the esophagus may arise because of many reasons. However, some causes are more common than others. Hence, a person can be suffering from esophagus problems and the cause of it will determine the treatment.
Eosinophils are a form of white blood cells that fight diseases. These cells can sometimes over-respond when a foreign allergen enters into the throat. This type of esophagus problem is very common amongst small children. Furthermore, it is also an example of an allergic reaction and has many triggers that cause it to go into overdrive. A person facing this problem will have trouble eating food. Common triggers of this disease include:
The entry point of these allergens can either be from ingestion into the esophagus or the nasal region inside the nose. Regardless of where they enter from, a person can suffer from Eosinophilic Esophagitis.
Reflux esophagitis is the resulting condition of another underlying condition. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD, this condition causes an involuntary reaction inside a body. The stomach contents, along with the acids jump back into the esophagus and cause a burning sensation in the chest. The irritation in the esophagus can lead to severe consequences like inflammation and even damage.
Some pharmaceutical medications and drugs cause problems in the esophagus if you do not ingest them with sufficient water. Since these medications are not water-soluble, they can end up being stuck inside your throat and lead to disturbance and pain in the esophagus.
If an infection is causing esophagus disturbance, then this condition can lead to serious consequences. Infectious esophagitis is a rare condition and an outcome of bacterial or viral infection inside the esophagus. This infection can be either fungal or even parasitic. People who have a weak immune system are vulnerable to this condition. Therefore, individuals already suffering from conditions that weaken the immune system need to be wary of this infectious disease.
A person can face several symptoms when suffering from esophagus issues. This is largely due to the underlying conditions from which esophagitis manifests. Symptoms can include:
A doctor usually opts for esophagus surgery when the conditions start worsening and no other treatment works. Otherwise, surgery is imminent for someone with esophagus cancer. The primary goal of the surgery is to make an incision on your throat for an entry at the esophagus tube.
Once the surgeon has clear access to the inflamed esophagus, they can operate by removing the infectious cavity or the tumor (in case of cancer) from the esophagus. There are two main techniques for performing this type of surgery. Open surgery and minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic).
In open surgery, the surgeon makes a big incision on the throat, chest, or abdomen region. The placement for the incision depends on where the damage takes place, along the esophagus tube. However, doctors make small incisions to perform minimally invasive surgery. For this surgery, the incisions have to be big enough for the laparoscope to enter. This is a long thin tube used for surgeries.
If you want access to the best surgeons, techniques, equipment, and medical consulting in New York, then visit Lenox Hill Surgeons. Book an in-person appointment or telehealth appointment today at (212) 988-1136.
Esophagus surgery, known as esophagectomy, is a procedure to remove the swollen part of the tube between your stomach and mouth, called the esophagus. The surgery also helps rebuild the esophagus by using parts of other organs, mostly the stomach. This surgery is common in treating advanced esophageal cancer and is also used for Barrett’s esophagus if activated precancerous cells are growing.
Doctors also recommend esophagectomy for non-cancerous problems. For instance, if other procedures of saving the esophagus remained unsuccessful in the past, such as last stage achalasia or strictures. Or, after consuming anything that damages the wall of the esophagus.
Esophagus surgery can take place using two different techniques. No matter what method your doctor uses, esophagectomy is a complex surgery, and your doctor can also ask you to stay longer in the hospital. Make sure to consult a surgeon who has expertise in treating the esophagus cancer and performing its surgery. The two methods are:
In this surgery, the surgeon uses the open technique to treat your cancer. They operate by making one or more incisions (cut) in the neck, abdomen, and chest.
You should discuss the surgery and its methods with your surgeon and ask what to expect in the surgery.
If the cancer is small or at an early stage, your surgeon will make several small cuts for removing the esophagus instead of a large incision. They put a laparoscope (a long thin tube with a light) in one incision to have the visuals inside your esophagus during the operation. The surgical tool goes inside your body through other cuts.
To perform this type of procedure accurately, your surgeon should be highly skilled and have years of experience to remove the esophagus through this method. Moreover, because of using small incisions, a person can go home early, have less blood loss, and have a faster recovery.
It is the primary surgical technique for esophageal cancer. It helps in removing cancer or relieving its symptoms. This surgery is important to treat your cancer; if not done, a patient’s life can be in danger. Moreover, because this is a chronic disease, the patient experiences severe pain and can’t eat anything due to esophagus cancer, which makes this surgery more vital to give relief to the person.
In an open esophagectomy, the doctor removes all or some place of the esophagus through cuts in the neck, belly, and chest. Then, the surgeon uses part of other organs to reconstruct the esophagus, which can be your stomach and small or large intestine.
Mostly, the esophagectomy is a minimally invasive surgery, performed either by robot assists or laparoscopy. If the patient’s situation is not very critical, then this method helps in avoiding pain and faster recovery.
Like any other surgery, this surgery also has possible risks and side effects. The following are some of them:
Esophagus surgery is not a common one. It is a complex surgery that only highly qualified surgeons can perform. Plus, it’s a necessary procedure for patients who have esophagus cancer. Moreover, a person suffering from the esophagus disease should get the treatment as early as possible, so that their surgeon can save the other un-affected parts of the esophagus. Also, a patient is unable to eat and drink if they are in this condition.
The surgery also has risk and complications which can happen to anyone, especially if the surgeon lacks skills and experience. So, in this case, you need to find a surgeon who can treat your esophagus and save you from future problems.
Lenox Hills Surgeons have a dedicated team of surgeons who are experts in surgical precision. Our professional, qualified surgeons provide compassionate care to all patients and maintain the highest standards of hygiene during surgical procedures to avoid complications. If you want to know more or to schedule an appointment, visit our website or call us on 646-846-1136.
The esophagus is an essential aspect of digestion. Without it, you couldn’t naturally deliver food from your mouth to your stomach. However, there are some times where surgery needs to be performed on the esophagus. How does the esophagus work? What can go wrong and how can surgery help? What is recovery like for esophagus surgery?
The process of digestion begins as soon as food enters the mouth. The very first step in digestion is chewing, breaking down large chunks of food into smaller, more manageable pieces. Saliva is also brought into the mix to help chemically reduce the food as well. In order for the food to continue to be processed by the stomach, intestines, and other associated organs, it needs to travel down the esophagus. When we first think of it, we might imagine that the esophagus is simply a tube, similar to a straw. We may think that food simply falls down our throat and into our stomach, that the esophagus is a very simple structure. That could not be further from the truth! In fact, there are many muscles that are involved in delivering food from the mouth to the stomach. This can be seen by the fact that we can swallow sitting down, laying down, or even upside down.
Once food enters the esophagus, the smooth muscle tissue within the esophagus contract in a wave formation, gradually pushing food down our throat. Additionally, there are two valve-like structures, called sphincters, that block entrance two or exit from the esophagus. Without these sphincters, food in our mouth would instantly drop down to the stomach. Alternatively, digestive enzymes and juices could come up from the stomach, known as acid reflux.
Clearly, the esophagus is more than just a hollow tube for swallowing. Because of the complex nature of the esophagus, there are a number of things that can potentially go wrong. As mentioned above, the sphincters within the esophagus are essential for proper digestion and processing of food. In severe cases of acid reflux, surgery must be performed to tighten the sphincter that separates the esophagus from the stomach. Alternatively, these sphincters can become overly tight or lacks the mobility to properly deliver food to the stomach. In these cases, surgery is required to open up the affected area and facilitate swallowing. Another common situation necessitates surgery of esophagus is cancer.
As with any cancer, esophageal cancer poses of risk for metastasis, or spreading of cancer throughout the different systems of the body. If cancer has been found in the esophagus and is localized, your surgeon may recommend that some or all of the affected tissue is removed.
Of course, the exact length of recovery for esophageal surgery will vary depending on the amount of surgery required. Depending on the specific protocols followed, some esophageal surgeries will only require a few days of recovery before returning home. Other, more involved surgeries may require an extended stay with close observation. Some changes may need to be made in your lifestyle, such as changes in diet and temporary limiting of strenuous activity.
As a general principle, any activity that causes pain in the affected area should be avoided for the first few weeks. Your surgeon will have more specific instructions for you as far as what to expect with your precise procedure, what to do to prepare, and what lifestyle changes may need to be made.
Are you in need of esophageal surgery? Get in touch with the best surgeons in NYC to schedule an appointment today.
Some functional and anatomical abnormalities of the esophagus or the pharynx can cause dysphagia which is essentially a fancy medical term to indicate difficulty swallowing. This condition can be successfully treated by surgical procedures. Also, surgery is recommended when dysphagia is found to be associated with esophageal carcinoma, and compression of this organ due to other abnormalities or tumors in the chest. The surgical methods presently available are varied, and the choice of medical procedure is decided by the causative condition of dysphagia.
For patients with severe dysphagia disorders, it may be necessary to bypass the pharynx entirely and the oral cavity to provide them with enteral nutrition. Surgical alternatives range from IOC or intermittent oroesophageal catheterization to PEG or percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy. Surgery for chronic cases of aspiration may include the following procedures:
The most commonly occurring complications are bleeding and perforation of cricopharyngeus. Dysphagia is typically reported after undergoing an ACS surgery, i.e., surgery of the anterior cervical spine. Although risk factors associated with dysphagia are published in the journals, they remain controversial to date.
It is rather impossible for anyone to predict the outlook or prognosis for dysphagia in general, as numerous medical conditions can be held responsible for the symptoms associated with it. The outlook is case-dependent and is decided by the underlying medical issue/s of a patient.
Although dysphagia can appear to be frightening, this condition is not always necessarily chronic. The family physician should be consulted as soon as one starts experiencing any swallowing difficulties or other GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease) symptoms. The latter can be effectively treated with prescription drugs to reduce the amount of stomach acid.
Get in touch with us at 212-988-1136 or schedule an appointment to get immediate care and treatment for the condition.
Esophagogastrectomy or esophagus surgery entails doing away with the entire esophagus (and often a stomach part) for treating esophageal cancer, Barrett’s esophagus, achalasia, esophageal stenosis, and GERD. The thoracic surgeon transforms the remaining section of the stomach into a tubular form serving as the replacement for the excised esophagus. The reconstructed esophagus enables the patient to swallow as he or she was doing before the surgery.
A surgical team comprising of medical specialists and headed by a thoracic or general surgeon performs esophagogastrectomy. The surgical procedure is usually open-type and is carried out in three separate ways.
Nowadays, the majority of the esophageal surgeries are done using the minimally-invasive laparoscopic procedure where 5-6 fine incisions are made in the abdomen, chest, and neck. The total number of slits (along with their locations) to be made are decided based on the purpose of carrying out the operation and whether the patient has undergone abdominal or thoracic surgeries on previous occasions.
Regardless of the type or method used, the operation is complex thereby necessitating an extended stay in the hospital. If the metastasis is limited to the esophagus and not spread further, excising the gullet and adjacent lymph nodes might help reverse cancer. Alas, most of the cases are detected at an advanced stage compelling the surgeon to go for a compound surgery.
Minimally invasive esophagectomy has proven to be more effective compared to open esophagectomy as the postoperative mortality and morbidity rates related to the former are much lower. There are numerous studies to corroborate the outcomes associated with MIE are better than PE. Some of the likely benefits associated with MIE vis-à-vis PE comprise:
Some complications related to esophageal surgery are common to other forms of surgery including but not limited to:
Complications or risks particularly associated with esophagogastrectomy (which are somewhat rare) include:
The surgeon who will operate will spell out the risks about the surgery as well as the preparations and precautions you to need to take before, after and during the procedure. You’ll have to quit smoking altogether at least before the surgery and possibly afterward as well. You’ll have to abide by the instructions specified by your surgeon once you’re discharged from the hospital.
The precautions that you’ll need to take will revolve around your diets, medications, clothing, personal accessories, and lifestyle.
The quality of life of most patients improves post-surgery, but some complications linger on. Follow-up care in the form of pain management, lung therapy, psychosocial care, and nutritional evaluations are highly recommended by the medic to keep the complications or risks at bay.
Minimally invasive esophagectomy or esophagogastrectomy is evidentially the best form of surgical treatment for patients with esophageal cancer. If you or somebody close to you has been diagnosed with neoplasm of the esophagus, you can contact us to make an appointment with our general surgeon for a consultation.