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Appendix Surgery or Appendectomy involves the removal of appendix after the occurrence of appendicitis. Let’s find out about when you need an appendix surgery, what the procedure involves, and where to get best surgeons for appendectomy.
Appendicitis is a serious medical condition that requires an appendix surgery. It occurs due to the infection in the appendix because of growing bacteria or clogging of the stool in the appendix. The infection causes inflammation and severe pain that is only treatable with the removal of the appendix. In the case of an accident or serious injury that causes the trauma and appendicitis, appendectomy is the only surgical option available. Peritonitis is a serious condition resulting from the inflammation of the appendix and can cause the appendix to rupture.
First, the surgeon will administer the patient with certain antibiotics to prevent the overgrowth of bacteria. The dose of antibiotics will depend upon the degree of the damage. In the case of sepsis, the patient would have a single dose of injectable antibiotic. If the appendix has ruptured already, the surgery will start without administering the antibiotics.
The patient will undergo general anesthesia before the surgery. For the surgery, there are two common methods; open surgery and laparoscopic surgery.
The surgeon will sterilize the skin with a germ-killing solution first. In rare cases, the surgeons do need to shave the skin in the appendix area. The surgeon will then cut the skin deeply (2-3 inches) to open the portion of lower abdomen to expose the appendix. If there is some mass growing on the appendix, the surgeon will make incisions on the mass as well.
Beneath the skin, the surgeon will make incision through the layer of protective tissues and abdominal walls to reach the appendix. Once the surgeon identifies the location of the appendix, he/she will carefully cut the appendix and remove it out of the patient’s body. After that, the surgeon will stitch the peritoneum layer, which he/she had previously ruptured for the removal of the appendix. The surgeon will stitch the skin of the lower abdomen.
Laparoscopy is the recent trend in surgical procedures, which involves cutting certain a part of an organ or removing if entirely. This process involves making three small incisions (of ¼ or ½ inches) to expose and remove the appendix instead of opening a larger portion of the stomach or lower abdomen. This surgery also uses a small camera or laparoscope, which is a mini tv-like monitor to show the appendix and the surgery procedure in an enlarged view. To remove the appendix laparoscopically, our surgeons have special instruments that can easily perform the surgery without any deep incisions.
Laparoscopic appendectomy has several benefits over the open surgery appendectomy.
Appendicitis is one of the most common factors responsible for abdominal pain, which can lead to surgery. More than 5 percent of people in the US experience appendicitis at some point. However, the pain most often occurs in people aged between 10 and 30.
Appendicitis is the inflammation of a 3.5-inch long appendix tube that protrudes from the large intestine. The condition calls for an immediate treatment, most probably surgery to remove the appendix.
Leaving an inflamed appendix untreated will cause the tube to burst. Thus, the inflamed appendix may start spilling infectious bacteria into the abdominal cavity. And, it may prove fatal sometimes.
Usually, the first sign of appendicitis is a sudden pain that begins in the upper abdomen and radiates to the lower right portion of the abdomen. The pain may become excruciating when you cough or walk.
The inflamed appendix may cause you to lose appetite, or you may feel nausea or vomiting as soon as the pain begins. Abdominal bloating and low-grade fever, usually 99 – 102 Fahrenheit, may also serve as signs of the inflammation of appendix.
The other symptoms of appendicitis include severe cramps, dull or sharp pain in the back, rectum, or the lower or upper abdomen.
While the root cause of appendicitis remains unknown in most of the cases, doctors believe that inflammation occurs when the appendix is blocked. The obstruction in the lining may occur due to hardened stool, intestinal worms, enlarged lymphoid follicles or cancer.
The blockage in the appendix results in an infection, which may multiply the bacteria. Thus, it leads to the swelling and formation of pus in the appendix, thereby causing inflammation. You may also feel severe pain in the abdominal region, and if not treated timely, the appendix may rupture.
The symptoms of appendicitis are often confused with that of the gallbladder diseases, bladder or urine infection, intestinal infection, gastritis, and ovary problems. This makes the diagnosis of appendicitis tricky. Your doctor may conduct these tests for diagnosing the inflammation in the appendix.
The standard treatment for all appendicitis is appendectomy, i.e., the removal of appendicitis. The doctor may either perform open surgery or a laparoscopic surgery depending on the severity of the problem.
During the open surgery, the doctor makes an incision, which is usually 2 to 4 inches long. Doctors perform this type of surgery when the appendix has ruptured, and an excess abscess or puss has formed around it. Thus, the doctor drains the fluid and cleans the abdominal cavity.
Once the infection is under control, the doctor may perform minimally invasive or laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon will use some incisions to insert surgical instruments and a video camera into the abdominal region to remove the appendix.
Do not neglect the pain that you experience in your abdomen. It may be a sign of an inflamed appendix. If you do not go for a treatment promptly, it may cause your appendix to rupture. Contact Lenox Hill Surgeons in NYC today and book an appointment with the experts of minimally invasive surgery.