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A hernia can be any one of a category of conditions that involve the protrusion of tissue through the muscles that are supposed to hold it in place. There are many different types of hernias, each presenting a little bit differently and requiring different treatment. However, there are a few distinct characteristics that all hernias have in common.
As mentioned above, all hernias are the bulging of an organ or another tissue through the muscular wall surrounding it. When the material breaks through, this typically causes some level of pain. Typically, the amount of pain increases when the location of the hernia is under stress. This can be caused by lifting, twisting, coughing, or stretching. The underlying cause of many hernias is simply weak muscle fibers. In the abdominal cavity and surrounding areas, tissue is held in place by a wall of muscle. These organs, fatty deposits, or other structures are simply held in place by the tension of the muscles in question. When there is weakness in the supportive muscle, small gaps can form, allowing openings for hernias to be created. Once enough pressure has been put on the area, the compressed tissue will forcefully expand out through the cavity in the muscle wall. This small protrusion of tissue is the hernia.
In the case of an inguinal hernia, the soft tissue protrusion is typically a section of the intestines, although it could also be a fatty deposit. This is by far the most common type of hernia, with estimates of almost 25% of men experiencing an inguinal hernia in their lifetime. These hernias are not harmful on their own, but if left untreated can lead to a number of complications. Correctional surgery is a fairly common procedure. In many cases, inguinal hernias can be identified easily through the presence of a small bump in the inguinal region, pain in bending and lifting, weakness, and discomfort associated in coughing.
Femoral hernias are less common than inguinal hernias but cause similar pain. When a section of tissue juts out from the muscular lining of the femoral region, a small lump appears, usually near the inside of the thigh. This obtrusion can cause pain and discomfort, especially when bending, lifting, or coughing. When laying down, the lump may seem to go away on its own. It is usually recommended that, in the case of repeated herniations, corrective surgery is performed.
An umbilical hernia follows the course of a typical hernia but is localized to the umbilical region, at the belly button. These hernias are most commonly found in infants, whose abdominal muscles have not had a chance to fully strengthen and develop. As opposed to standard hernias in adults, umbilical hernias for infants tend to correct themselves. In some cases, though, surgery is needed after a few years to provide a longer-term solution to umbilical hernias. With infants, it is important to communicate with your child’s doctor about signs of pain, vomiting, or swelling in the umbilical region. With adults or children with complications, a simple surgery can typically remediate any problems.
However, a hernia can theoretically develop anywhere that there is a weakness in the muscles responsible for holding in soft tissue. This issue arises most commonly in the case of surgical incisions. An incision creates an opening in the muscular wall which requires time to heal. If enough pressure is exerted within the abdominal cavity before the muscle is completely healed, the internal tissues can project through the weak point, causing a hernia in an area not mentioned above.
Do you have a hernia? Schedule an appointment today with the best surgeons in NYC to figure out your best hernia treatment options.
A hernia is a painful condition, so you no doubt want a quick answer to that question, “What are the Symptoms of a Hernia?” Unfortunately, this answer will greatly depend on your own assessment of yourself. In order to correctly identify a hernia, there are a few specific signs you should be looking for. If you are in intense pain and are seriously concerned, talk to your doctor. This article is solely intended to assist people dealing with minimal pain and are simply curious. It is not meant to be used in place of an accurate, medical evaluation.
In the abdominal cavity, the internal organs and structures are held in place by the abdominal muscles. Through typical use, the abdominal muscles, or abs, have a natural tension that can hold the contents of the abdominal cavity well. However, whether due to lack of use or overexertion, the integrity of the abdominal wall gives way and a small subsection of the intestines, or some other mass of tissue, protrudes out. This protrusion can potentially cause serious problems. For example, a hernia can lead to an intestinal blockage. This blockage is a serious issue and would require emergency medical attention.
The most important factor in the safety and recovery from a hernia is early identification. If closely monitored by a qualified medical professional from early on, the risk of hernia complication is greatly reduced.
One of the most commonly noticed signs of a hernia is bulging. Due to the very nature of how a hernia works, the affected area will bulge, creating a lump that is the hernia itself. Identifying this lump is one of the most important diagnostic tools available. The exact location of the herniated lump will vary depending on the diagnosis. In general, the hernia will be in the region after which it is named. An umbilical hernia, for instance, is located in the umbilical region at the belly button.
A femoral hernia can be found in the inner thigh area. An inguinal hernia is a hernia in the groin. Surgical hernias can also develop at the site of a relatively recent surgical incision.
Another diagnostic sign of a hernia is swelling. Although easily confused with the bulging mentioned above, swelling is a separate and distinct symptom altogether. Swelling involves more than just visible confirmation. Swelling of the affected area will also bring redness, warmth, and discomfort when touched.
The pain associated with a hernia is different than the pain caused by other means. When dealing with a hernia, the level of pain will vary depending on position and motion. For example, most people complain of greater pain when bending, lifting, or even coughing. The pain that hernias produce can vary from person a person, but typically is a dull ache in the region affected.
The difficulty with dealing with hernia pain is it the pain is not constant. Many times, people feel the intense pain that comes from exerting pressure on a hernia and schedule an appointment with a doctor. However, by the time they go to the doctor, it has been long enough that they forget the exact nature of the pain they’re dealing with this can make it difficult to relay necessary information to your doctor.
After reading this, do you think you have a hernia? Schedule an appointment with the best surgeons in NYC to develop a custom plan for dealing with your hernia.
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Hernias are widely common, with almost 2% of the population suffering from hernias. This may seem like a small number, but in the United States of America alone that adds up to around 600,000 people dealing with hernias. But what exactly is a hernia? What causes so many people to have hernias? And how does having a hernia affect you?
A hernia is a protrusion of soft tissue, usually an organ or fat tissue, through the muscular lining that typically would hold it in place. One of the most common types of hernias is an inguinal hernia. In this case, the abdominal muscles that hold the intestines in place can grow weak and develop gaps that allow a small section of the intestine to jut out. This segment of the intestine can eventually become swollen, painful, and cause discomfort during regular tasks.
Many people complain of pain associated with bending, lifting, and coughing, as all of these activities create pressure on the herniated section of the abdominal cavity. Although a hernia itself may not be hazardous initially, it can lead to many other medical complications.
When the muscular lining that keeps organs in place grows weak, the integrity of the muscular “wall” can fail, creating weak spots. These spots can then become susceptible to internal structures pushing out and herniating. This herniation typically happens initially during a period of intense pressure. For example, exerting oneself while lifting an object can cause pressure in the abdominal cavity and result in a hernia.
Prolonged, chronic coughing can weaken the structural muscles in place, with repeated strain reducing the integrity of the muscle. Additionally, a surgical incision, if not provided enough time to heal properly, can facilitate a weak spot in the muscular lining and allow for herniation.
Congenital problems can also result in herniation in cases where the abdominal wall does not fully develop in utero. There are a number of complications that can increase the risk of herniation. This includes pregnancy, heavy lifting, rapid weight gain, chronic coughing, constipation, and recent surgical activity in the surrounding area.
The most commonly reported symptom of a hernia is pain. The exact nature of the pain experienced varies from person to person, but many people note greater pain when additional pressure is applied to the abdominal region. This includes lifting, bending, coughing, or other physical exertion with straining.
Hernias are not always found as soon as they occur. Usually, it takes repeated pressure and exertion for the hernia to be noted. After a number of years, a hernia is usually identified correctly by self-assessment. A hernia does not correct itself, but would instead require surgical treatment to repair the damage.
Although a hernia on its own does not require emergency treatment, there are a number of situations in which urgent action may be required. Herniated areas may not receive the blood supply they require and are at a higher risk of infection. If a hernia has become swollen, warmer than usual, or extremely painful, this can be a sign of infection. In addition, depending on the location, a hernia can cause obstruction to the bowel and digestive tract. This can quickly become an urgent situation requiring emergency medical correction.
Do you think you might have a hernia? Call the best surgeons in NYC to discuss your case and your treatment options.
Most of you will have at least heard of a hernia. In fact, a good percentage of you almost certainly know someone who has suffered from one, but you might not know exactly what one is, perhaps because a description of a hernia actually makes it sound far worse than it is.
The good news is that hernias are relatively uncommon. in 2015, there we 18.5 million cases in a global population of roughly 7.2 billion people.
Essentially, a hernia is when an organ pushes through the muscle that holds it in place. They most commonly occur in the abdomen but are also sometimes seen in the groin and upper thigh. Fortunately, hernias aren’t immediately life-threatening, but they also won’t go away on their own and so hernia surgery NYC is sometimes required.
There are several different types of hernias with the most common, accounting for roughly 70% of cases, being inguinal hernias. Inguinal hernias are when the intestines force their way through the lower abdomen wall, in an area of the body known as the inguinal canal.
The Inguinal canal is in the groin. Because of the physiological differences between men and women in this area, this type is more common in men.
A hiatal hernia is when your diaphragm, a muscle used in the process of breathing, and which separates the organs in the abdomen from those in the chest, is intruded by part of the stomach, which pushes right through to the chest cavity. This type generally occurs in the younger population (under-50s); it is also one of the more likely hernias to be seen in children. Generally, when this occurs, it is because of a congenital defect.
These are the most common types of hernia, but others can occur. An umbilical hernia is sometimes seen in infants less than 6 months old and it occurs when the intestines push through the abdomen wall. This type of hernia is often accompanied by a noticeable bulge in the belly. Fortunately, this is the only type which sometimes spontaneously heals. After abdominal surgery, an incisional hernia can occur if the intestines push through the incision wound.
While hernias are relatively common they are fortunately easy to treat. Visit our renowned Surgery NYC clinic if you are concerned and would like a consultation.